Category: Springfield Chabura

Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim: Bava Metzia – Springfield Elul 5776 Week #1 (09/15/16)

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Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim: Bava Metzia #2 – Caldwell Week #2 Gemara 21B (last 10 minutes of Shiur about Tisha B’Av (08/07/16)

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Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim: Springfield Week #11 – Bava Metzia Chazara Week – Review of Yeiush / Shelo MiDaas (First Two Blatt) (7/28/2016)

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Review points from beginning of the 2nd פרק until the two dots on :גמרא כ”ב  

  • How does יאוש operate?

מחלוקת ראשונים between  “תוס’ ב”ק ס”ו. “כיון and רש”י on our משנה

  • List a נפקא מיניה.
  1. Can one keep an אבידה מדעת – for example if  someone throws his wallet into the street or leaves the door of his coral open?

מחלוקת between רמב”ם ה’ גזילה ואבידה פרק י”א הלכה י”א  and טור חו”מ רס”א, ד

  • List a נפקא מיניה.
  1. Why does יאוש after באיסורא אתי לידיה not permit the finder to keep the lost item?

מחלוקת between :רמב”ן מלחמת ה’ כ”ו and תוס’ ב”ק ס”ו. “הכא

  • List a נפקא מיניה.
  1.  List the 12 proofs the גמרא brings as to whether יאוש שלא מדעת is considered יאוש.  

Which of them are proofs for אביי ? Which of them are proofs for רבא ?

  1. Bring two proofs that the מחלוקת of אביי and רבא (as to whether יאוש שלא מדעת is considered יאוש) has ramifications in all areas of ש”ס and not just limited to השבת אבידה.
  1.  What is the reasoning of the מחלוקת אביי ורבא as to whether יאוש שלא מדעת is considered יאוש?
  1.  How does רבא answer the concluding proof against him from זוטו של ים? See”תוס’ “תיובתא

     8. Why is it permitted to keep items found בזוטו של ים?

מחלוקת between  “רש”י בבא קמא סו. “מוצא אבידה  and רשב”א כ”א: “זוטו של ים

  • List a נפקא מיניה.
  1. How can the finder keep an item found בזוטו של ים according to אביי who holds יאוש שלא מדעת is NOT יאוש when the owner is unaware that it was swept away?
  1. What is the source in the תורה for יאוש?   

מחלוקת between “רש”י & תוס’  בבא קמא סו. “מוצא אבידה

  • List a נפקא מיניה.
  1. What is the definition of יאוש?

Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim: Bava Metzia – Springfield Week #10 (7/14/2016)

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Learn “גמרא כ”ב: “הלכתא כוותיה דאביי  until the two dots.  

Questions:

  • Why is the גמרא predicating the question on the fact that we just refuted רבא?

Learn “תוס’ “מאחר

  • Why does תוס explain the question of the גמרא different then רש”י?
  • Why does the גמרא use the terminology of מחילה when referring to יאוש ?

See “רש”י “יתמי and “תוס’ “דלאו

Learn שיטה מקובצת who explains in the name of the ראב”ד the answer of שקצים ורמשים (start from ויש מפרשים – third line from the bottom)

  • According to  the ראב”ד why does it matter that children can not be מוחל if the reason it is permitted to eat these dates is because it is like  זוטו של ים?
  • How does רבא answer the proof against him from זוטו של ים? Learn “תוס’ “תיובתא

Learn “גמרא כ”ב: “הלכתא כוותיה דאביי  until the two dots.  

Questions:

  • Why is the גמרא predicating the question on the fact that we just refuted רבא?

Learn “תוס’ “מאחר

  • Why does תוס explain the question of the גמרא different then רש”י?
  • Why does the גמרא use the terminology of מחילה when referring to יאוש ?

See “רש”י “יתמי and “תוס’ “דלאו

Learn שיטה מקובצת who explains in the name of the ראב”ד the answer of שקצים ורמשים (start from ויש מפרשים – third line from the bottom)

  • According to  the ראב”ד why does it matter that children can not be מוחל if the reason it is permitted to eat these dates is because it is like  זוטו של ים?
  • How does רבא answer the proof against him from זוטו של ים? Learn “תוס’ “תיובתא

CLICK HERE for ראב”ד 

Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim: Bava Metzia – Springfield Week #9 (7/7/2016)

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Learn “גמרא כ”ב: “ת”ש דאמר ר’ יוחנן until “הלכתא כוותיה דאביי”

Learn “תוס’ “איסורא

Questions:

  • Why does תוס explain the comparison of  איסורא דומיא דהיתרא different then רש”י?
  • What is the source in the תורה for יאוש?   Learn “רש”י & תוס’  בבא קמא סו. “מוצא אבידה
  • If the reason one may keep a lost item by זוטו של ים is because of יאוש, how do we know that the owner is aware that it was swept away? And if he is not aware how can the finder keep it according to אביי  who holds יאוש שלא מדעת is NOT יאוש?
  • Can one who finds an item lost at sea keep it even if he hears the owner screaming “I am not מייאש”?  Learn ” רשב”א כ”א: “זוטו של ים & רמב”ם ה’ גזילה ואבידה י”א,י

Major Question:

  • What is the proof from the פסוק that one may keep an item lost at sea – זוטו של ים?  The פסוק of “אשר תאבד ממנו” is discussing the obligation of השבת אבידה; Perhaps the תורה just exempted the finder to return this item, why does that automatically translate in permission to keep the item?

Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim: Bava Metzia 21B: Week #4 (06/02/16)

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CLICK HERE for Mareh Mekomos Source Sheets

Learn “גמרא כ”א: “ת”ש פירות (fifteen lines from top of the עמוד) until ת”ש קציעות (fourteen lines from bottom of the עמוד)

Questions:

  • Why didn’t the גמרא attempt to bring a proof from the other five cases in our משנה in which the finder may keep the lost object?  Learn רא”ש סוף ס’ ב & ה’ הגר”א אות א on side of the גמרא?
  • Are these six ת”ש only a question on אביי or also a question on רבא?

Learn תוס’ “ת”ש

  • How does תוס answer his two questions?

Learn מהרש”א, & מהר”ם on this תוס

Questions on מהרש”א:

  • Why should there be more of a question on אביי from items with a סימן ?
  • How can we say the person realizes where he lost it without coming on to the סברא of ר’ יצחק ?

See נחלת דוד (source sheet)

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Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim: Bava Metzia 21A: Beginning of 2nd Perek: Mishna: Eilu Metzios Shelo…(Given in Springfield, NJ) (05/19/16)

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Learn the גמרא on .דף כ”א after first משנה until the bottom of the עמוד.
Learn the following three lines on :דף כ”א (sixteen line) “אמר רב עוקבא”  until “ת”ש ” and “רש”י “דאבידה מדעת

Question:

Why is it permitted to keep the leftover fruits on the threshing floor ?

Major question:

  • The גמרא says one may keep the leftover fruits on the threshing floor because the original owner made them הפקר. So why does the first רש”י on the משנה say the owner had יאוש?
  • Can one keep an אבידה מדעת – for example if  someone throws his wallet into the street or leaves the door of his coral open?

Learn  רמב”ם ה’ גזילה ואבידה פרק י”א הלכה י”א who says there is no obligation to return but one may not keep it.
Learn טור חו”מ רס”א, ד who says one may even keep it.
See בית יוסף & כסף משנה.

  • What is their dispute centralized around ?
  • How could the רמב”ם say one may not keep the item when our גמרא clearly says it may be kept?

[Optional learn following source for different explanation of the מח’ רמב”ם & טור & how to reconcile the רמב”ם with our גמרא. See ה’ הגר”א על רמב”ם לעיל ,ט”ז רס”א ס”ק א ,קצות ס”ק א ,נתיבות ס”ק א].

  • In conclusion what is the definition of יאוש?

See “רש”י דף כ”א: “דמייאש.

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Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim: Bava Metzia 21A: Beginning of 2nd Perek: Mishna: Eilu Metzios Shelo…(Given in Springfield, NJ) (05/12/16)

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Bava Metzia 2nd perek, Week #1

Learn .משנה כ”א

Fundamental question:

  • Why may one keep the lost items listed in the משנה? Why is it not considered stealing?

Learn .משנה נדרים מ”ג starting from the words המודר הנאה until the end of the משנה. And the first three lines of the גמרא which explains the מחלוקת between רבנן & ר”י in how הפקר operates.

Questions:

  • How does יאוש operate?

Learn first “תוס’ ב”ק ס”ו. “כיון

  • What’s the opinion of ‘תוס in how יאוש operates?

Bring a proof from רש”י on our משנה of what’s the opinion of רש”י in how יאוש operates

  • How does רש”י refute the proof of ‘תוס?

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